Posted by Notion Brook on May 21, 2016 at 8:15 AM |

It is well known that Ancient Indians were well-versed with Mathematics, Astronomy, Physics and many more.

Well known **Pythagoras **of Samos (5th Century BCE) was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and has been credited as the founder of the movement called Pythagoreanism.

**Baudhayana Sulba Sutra**, composed by **Baudhayana** (8th century BCE), contains examples of simple Pythagorean triples, such as: (3, 4, 5), (5, 12, 13), (8, 15, 17), (7, 24, 25), and (12, 35, 37).

It is also referred to as **Baudhayana **theorem. The most notable of the rules in the Baudhāyana Sulba Sūtra says:

दीर्घचतुरश्रस्याक्ष्णया रज्जु: पार्श्र्वमानी तिर्यग् मानी च यत् पृथग् भूते कुरूतस्तदुभयं करोति ॥

dīrghachatursrasyākṣaṇayā rajjuḥ pārśvamānī, tiryagmānī,

cha yatpṛthagbhūte kurutastadubhayāṅ karoti.

Baudhayana Sulba Sutra also describes a statement of the Pythagorean theorem for the sides of a square: "The rope which is stretched across the diagonal of a square produces an area double the size of the original square."

It also contains the general statement of the Pythagorean theorem (for the sides of a rectangle): "The rope stretched along the length of the diagonal of a rectangle makes an area which the vertical and horizontal sides make together."

Also, Baudhayana gives a formula for the square root of two.

Categories: Technology